Halal (حلال, ḥalāl,
Halaal) is an Arabic term designating any object or an action
which is permissible to use or engage in, according to Islamic law. It is
the opposite of haraam.
The term is widely used to designate food seen as permissible according to
Islamic law (Sharia)
- ( (الشريعة الإسلامية). It is estimated that 70% of Muslims worldwide
follow halal food standards and
that the global halal market is currently a $580 (U.S.)
What is Qurbani?
Qurbani during Eid-ul Adha is an act
to commemorate Prophet Ibrahim’s sacrifice as mentioned in the Quraan.
And, when he (his son) was old enough to walk with him, he said: "O my
son! I have seen in a dream that I am slaughtering you (offer you in sacrifice
to Allah), so look what you think!" He said: "O my father! Do that
which you are commanded, Insha' Allah (if Allah will), you shall find me of
As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.)." Then, when they had both submitted
themselves (to the Will of Allah), and he had laid him prostrate on his
forehead. And We called out to him: "O Abraham! You have fulfilled the
dream (vision)!" Verily! Thus do We reward the Muhsinun
(good-doers).Verily, that indeed was a manifest trial. And We ransomed him with
a great sacrifice (i.e. a ram). And We left for him (a goodly remembrance)
among generations (to come) in later times. (Sura Saffat, verses 102-108.)
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
taught Muslims the way of remembering the act of Ibrahim. He stayed 10 years in
Madina and performed sacrifice at Eid-ul-Adha. (Tirmidhi)
Qurbani in Islamic terms means the slaughtering of an animal with the intention
of getting close to Allah (SWT) by giving some or all of the meat to the poor
and destitute. Animals that can be sacrificed are goats, cows and camels. They
are sacrificed on the day of Eid-ul-Adha and also on the three days after (the
11, 12 and 13th of Dhulhijjah).
Benefits of Qurbani
Doing charity to the poor
by contributing and distributing the meat to them and the destitute. These acts
would spread happiness and cheers amongst them especially during the festival
of Eid-ul-Adha where Muslims are in the spirit of festivities.
Who should give Qurbani
Person who possesses Nisab
(zakatable asset) should give Qurbani. It is not obligatory (fard) but is
highly recommended (wajib)*, according to the Hanafi school of thought.
However, Qurbani is a Sunnah act according to the Shafi, Hanbali, Maliki, and
Jafari schools of thought.
The animals to be
slaughtered must be a goat, sheep, cattle (cow, ox, water buffalo), or camel.
Goats and sheep have to be at least one year old ( 2 Teeth) .For cows the age
must be at least two years old. Camels must be at least five years old. Goats
and sheep count as one share per animal. Cattle and camels count as seven
shares per animal.
They must be free from any
form of handicap such as blind, sick, limp and undernourished. It also must be
free of any defects such as a cut-off ear, tail, broken teeth,or broken horn.
However, the goat/sheep can be used if only a few teeth are broken and most
teeth are still intact. In addition, if its horn is broken midway and not from
the root, it is persmissible to use such an animal. Injuries sustained during
the qurbani do not invalidate the qurbani.
The animals must be
slaughtered in the appropriate humane ways. It has to be done by a Muslim
adhering to the Islamic way of slaughtering the animal.
Time of Qurbani
The time for Qurbani starts
from sunrise after the performance of the Eidul Adha prayers which falls on the
10th of Zhulhijjah till the sunsets on the 12th of Zhulhijjah. The best time is
to perform the acts of Qurbani immediately after the completion of the
It was reported that the
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said:
The first thing that we do on the day of Eid is to perform the prayers. Then we
go home and carry out our Qurbani.Thus whoever does those acts has conformed to
our sunnah. And for those who slaughtered before it, then the meat is for
the family members and not as an act of Qurbani. (Sahih Al-Bukhari Volume 2,
Book 15, Number 82)
Distribution of the
It is preferable
that the meat from Qurbani be divided in three equal parts: one for the home,
one for relatives and friends, and one for the poor and needy. The meat from
qurbani can be distributed to the poor, rich, Muslim or non-Muslim.
*Wajib, in the Hanafi school, is an
obligation which is almost Fard, except that there is some (margin of
uncertainty, which may occur in the form of counter-evidence, which suggests
non-obligatory nature of the deed), and the scholars have therefore refrained
from pronouncing a decisive verdict of "fard" on it. Nevertheless,
for purposes of action, a wajib is treated like a fard, in that it should not
be deliberately discarded, and it must be made up if it was missed for some
reason. For this reason, 'wajib' of the Hanafi school is also known as
"fard `amali" (i.e. an 'action fard') as opposed to fard i`tiqadi
('belief fard'), the normal fard, which one is required not only to act upon,
but also to believe with full certainty and conviction that it is without doubt